VETERINARYCLINICManaging stress onnewly weaned calvesWelcome to fall, the season marked bycooler weather, baked goods, warm drinksnd... sick calves? While the fall marks thestart holiday season for us, for our cattlecounter parts it can mean the start of a verydifficult season if we as producers don'tmanage weaning time to reduce stress.Stress on weaned calves comes in many forms. The obviousstress is separation from mother cows. Some other stresses caninclude how cattle are handled, changes in feed/nutrition, weatherchanges and a higher exposure rate to disease causing organisms(viruses, bacteria and parasites). Low-stress handling of cattleduring the weaning process limits the release of cortisol internallyin cattle. Long term elevated cortisol levels can have negativeeffects on immune-function and other physiological processwhich is why it is so important to get calves started out on a lowstress path from the start.Nutritional stress can be limited by promoting good feed andater intake from the get-go. Research has shown that good,long-stem hay is the most similar feedstuff compared to foragesthat calves would have been on prior to weaning. It is importantto keep calves on similar, quality feed to keep the GI tract healthand functioning. Water consumption is also vital to calf healthand growth. Research has shown that allowing water troughs torun over allows calves to physically hear the water and increasesthe rate at which they find unfamiliar troughs. Also, "bawlingcalves tend to walk fence lines, and are therefore more likely toencounter and consume water in troughs placed along the fenceThough weather cannot be controlled, timing of weaning calcan be. Administering vaccines and weaning calves on days whenstress is not compounded by poor weather will be beneficial.Though no vaccine response in any given herd wl be 100proper vaccination and herd health protocols will aid greatly inreducing disease risk.ontact Lewiston Veterinary clinic for further information onBRD, coccidiosis and other disease risks, and for help setting up agood prevention management planLewiston Veterinary Clinic421 22nd St. North, LewistonFarm Animals 208-743-6361Small Animals 208-743-6553Fa2Adin.als 208 743

Date: October 10, 2018

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VETERINARY CLINIC Managing stress on newly weaned calves Welcome to fall, the season marked by cooler weather, baked goods, warm drinks nd... sick calves? While the fall marks the start holiday season for us, for our cattle counter parts it can mean the start of a very difficult season if we as producers don't manage weaning time to reduce stress. Stress on weaned calves comes in many forms. The obvious stress is separation from mother cows. Some other stresses can include how cattle are handled, changes in feed/nutrition, weather changes and a higher exposure rate to disease causing organisms (viruses, bacteria and parasites). Low-stress handling of cattle during the weaning process limits the release of cortisol internally in cattle. Long term elevated cortisol levels can have negative effects on immune-function and other physiological process which is why it is so important to get calves started out on a low stress path from the start. Nutritional stress can be limited by promoting good feed and ater intake from the get-go. Research has shown that good, long-stem hay is the most similar feedstuff compared to forages that calves would have been on prior to weaning. It is important to keep calves on similar, quality feed to keep the GI tract health and functioning. Water consumption is also vital to calf health and growth. Research has shown that allowing water troughs to run over allows calves to physically hear the water and increases the rate at which they find unfamiliar troughs. Also, "bawling calves tend to walk fence lines, and are therefore more likely to encounter and consume water in troughs placed along the fence Though weather cannot be controlled, timing of weaning cal can be. Administering vaccines and weaning calves on days when stress is not compounded by poor weather will be beneficial. Though no vaccine response in any given herd wl be 100 proper vaccination and herd health protocols will aid greatly in reducing disease risk. ontact Lewiston Veterinary clinic for further information on BRD, coccidiosis and other disease risks, and for help setting up a good prevention management plan Lewiston Veterinary Clinic 421 22nd St. North, Lewiston Farm Animals 208-743-6361 Small Animals 208-743-6553 Fa2Adin.als 208 743

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